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A Behavioral probabilistic risk assessment framework for managing autonomous underwater vehicle deployments

Brito, Mario; Griffiths, Gwyn; Ferguson, James; Hopkin, David; Mills, Richard; Pederson, Richard; MacNeil, Erin. 2012 A Behavioral probabilistic risk assessment framework for managing autonomous underwater vehicle deployments. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29 (11). 1689-1703. 10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00005.1

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Abstract/Summary

The deployment of a deep-diving long-range autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is a complex operation that requires the use of a risk informed decision-making process. Operational risk assessment is heavily dependent on expert subjective judgment. Expert judgments can be elicited either mathematically or behaviorally. During mathematical elicitation experts are kept separate and provide their assessment individually. These are then mathematically combined to create a judgment that represents the group view. The limitation with this approach is that experts do not have the opportunity to discuss different views and thus remove bias from their assessment. In this paper a Bayesian behavioral approach to estimate and manage AUV operational risk is proposed. At an initial workshop, behavioral aggregation, reaching agreement on distributions of risks for faults or incidents, is followed by an agreed initial estimate of the likelihood of success of proposed risk mitigation methods. Post-expedition, a second workshop assesses the new data, compares observed to predicted risk, thus updating the prior estimate using Bayes’ rule. This feedback further educates the experts and assesses the actual effectiveness of the mitigation measures. Applying this approach to an AUV campaign in ice-covered waters in the Arctic showed that maximum error between the predicted and the actual risk was 9% and that the experts’ assessments of the effectiveness of risk mitigation led to a maximum of 24% in risk reduction.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00005.1
Programmes: NOC Programmes
ISSN: 07390572
Date made live: 10 Aug 2012 09:03 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/442034

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