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Seasonality and the isotope hydrology of Lochnagar, a Scottish mountain lake : implications for palaeoclimate reasearch

Tyler, J.J.; Leng, Melanie; Arrowsmith, Carol. 2007 Seasonality and the isotope hydrology of Lochnagar, a Scottish mountain lake : implications for palaeoclimate reasearch. The Holocene, 17 (6). 717-727. 10.1177/0959683607080513

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Abstract/Summary

The relationship between isotope ratios in precipitation and lake waters was monitored by bi-weekly measurements taken over a five and a half year period between May 2000 and September 2005 (a period of 1964 days) at Lochnagar, a remote mountain lake in eastern Scotland. Short-term changes in the oxygen isotope composition of lake water (18OL) at Lochnagar follow a seasonal pattern similar to isotopes in local precipitation (18OP), however changes in catchment residence time, snow accumulation, lake ice cover and lake stratification modify the temporal structure of 18OL over the seasonal cycle. Of particular importance is precipitation amount, which controls catchment and lake residence times, and determines the degree of phase lag and amplitude change between 18OL and 18OP. A simple mass balance model replicates these effects and demonstrates that the degree of phase lag and amplitude reduction is predictable given known input/volume ratio. The implications of these observations for the use of 18O records in palaeoclimatology are important, since it is rare that authigenic and biogenic minerals or organic compounds (from which 18O and/or 2H can be measured) are produced in a lake evenly throughout the year.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1177/0959683607080513
Programmes: BGS Programmes > NERC Isotope Geoscience Laboratory
ISSN: 0959-6836
Additional Keywords: Hydrology, Scotland, Paleoclimatology, Oxygen -- Isotopes, Seasonality, Lochnagar
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Related URLs:
Date made live: 01 Sep 2009 12:57
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/4202

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