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Regional evolution of a fluviodeltaic cycle succession in the Marsdenian (late Namurian Stage, Pennsylvanian) of the central Pennine Basin, UK

Waters, Colin; Chisholm, James; Benfield, A.C.; O'Beirne, A.M.. 2008 Regional evolution of a fluviodeltaic cycle succession in the Marsdenian (late Namurian Stage, Pennsylvanian) of the central Pennine Basin, UK. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 57 (1). 1-28.

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Abstract/Summary

Basinwide analysis of sedimentary facies, isopachytes and palaeocurrents for two late Marsdenian (Pennsylvanian) sedimentary cycles within part of the Millstone Grit Group, has led to a new sequence-stratigraphic interpretation for the relationships between its constituent sandstone units (currently named Huddersfield White Rock, Chatsworth Grit, Brooksbottoms Grit, Holcombe Brook Grit, Brown Edge Flags and Redmires Flags). The Bilinguites superbilinguis (R2c1) and Verneulites sigma (R2c2) marine bands related to fourth-order marine highstands show faunal variations possibly reflecting fifth-order sea-level fluctuations. The lower R2c1 cycle consists entirely of deep water mudstone. The overlying R2c2 cycle shows an upward regressive passage through pro-delta and delta-slope deposits to mouthbar and channel sandstones. The latter comprises an ‘eastern inflow’ of northerly provenance, the distribution of which was not influenced by the underlying basement configuration, and a ‘southern inflow’ sourced from the Wales-Brabant High. Falling sea-levels resulted in progressive narrowing of the fluvial pathway within the main sandstone body of the ‘eastern inflow’, with a concomitant increase in flow velocities and grainsize. At lowstand, this culminated in the Chatsworth palaeovalley, 25 km wide, the basal surface of which can be correlated into the interfluve areas as a leached palaeosol. Higher sandstone bodies, where developed, are of two kinds: an earlier set present outside of the palaeovalley was formed during regression, and a later set within the palaeovalley was formed as sea level rose. As part of this transgressive systems tract, a Lingula band developed across the flooded Chatsworth palaeovalley and its interfluve margin. The transgression culminated in the highstand of the Cancelloceras cancellatum (G1a1) Marine Band.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2008 > Geology and Landscape England
ISSN: 0044-0604
Additional Keywords: Fluvial deposits, Pennines, Namurian, UK
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 29 Jul 2008 08:51
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/3721

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