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Direct measurements and parameterisation of aerosol flux, concentration and emission velocity above a city

Dorsey, J. R.; Nemitz, E.; Gallagher, M. W.; Fowler, D.; Williams, P. I.; Bower, K. N.; Beswick, K. M.. 2002 Direct measurements and parameterisation of aerosol flux, concentration and emission velocity above a city. Atmospheric Environment, 36 (5). 791-800. 10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00526-X

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Abstract/Summary

Articles have recently been published on aerosol size distributions and number concentrations in cities, however there have been no studies on transport of these particles. Eddy covariance measurements of vertical transport of aerosol in the size range 11 nm<Dp<3 μm are presented here. The analysis shows that typical average aerosol number fluxes in this size range vary between 9000 and 90,000 cm−2 s−1. With concentrations between 3000 and 20,000 cm−3 this leads to estimates of particle emission velocity between 20 and 75 mm s−1. The relationships between number flux and traffic activity, along with emission velocity and boundary layer stability are demonstrated and parameterised. These are used to derive an empirical parameterisation for aerosol concentration in terms of traffic activity and stability. The main processes determining urban aerosol fluxes and concentrations are discussed and quantified where possible. The difficulties in parameterising urban activity are discussed

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00526-X
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry > BG01 Measuring and modelling trace gas, aerosol and carbon
CEH Sections: _ Atmospheric Sciences
ISSN: 1352-2310
Additional Keywords: Urban, Pollution, Parameterisation, Eddy covariance, Measurement
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 03 Sep 2008 13:58
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/3645

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