nerc.ac.uk

Analysis of the climate signal contained within delta 18 O and growth rate parameters in two Ethiopian stalagmites

Baker, A.; Asrat, A.; Fairchild, I.J.; Leng, Melanie; Wynn, P.M.; Bryant, Charlotte; Gentry, D.; Umer, M.. 2007 Analysis of the climate signal contained within delta 18 O and growth rate parameters in two Ethiopian stalagmites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71 (12). 2975-2988. 10.1016/j.gca.2007.03.029

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
W4550_ethiopian_stalagmites.pdf

Download (1MB)

Abstract/Summary

We combine surface and cave climate monitoring with multiple stalagmite parameters to help understand and calibrate the climate records contained within stalagmites from a region with strong rainfall seasonality. Two actively growing stalagmites from Ethiopia were analysed in order to investigate the climate signal contained within δ18O and growth rate parameters. The δ18O and growth rate of the two stalagmites give different responses to surface climate due to variations in the climate signal transfer. Both stalagmites (Merc-1 and Asfa-3) have a climate response that is seasonal; however this signal is subsequently smoothed by the mixing of event and storage water within the aquifer. Merc-1 responds more to high frequency (‘event’) climate, due to a greater ratio of event to storage water in this sample, whereas Asfa-3 responds more to low frequency (‘storage’) climate. In addition, different parameters respond to different seasons. For example, stalagmite Asfa-3, from greater depth from the surface and with a slow drip rate, has a growth rate that responds to the amount of summer rain. In contrast, Merc-1, closer to the surface and with a faster drip rate, exhibits no clear response to surface climate, probably due to a more complex climate signal transfer. δ18O response varies with stalagmite due to the interplay between rainfall forcing factors (amount, seasonality) and disequilibrium kinetics, with opposing correlations between seasonal rainfall and δ18O between the samples. Our results demonstrate that analysis of seasonal climate forcing, and transfer functions reflecting the mixing of event and storage water, may be the most appropriate approach to develop of transfer functions appropriate for high-resolution, stalagmite climate reconstruction.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.gca.2007.03.029
Programmes: BGS Programmes > NERC Isotope Geoscience Laboratory
ISSN: 0016-7037
Additional Keywords: Stalagmites, Climate change, Ethiopia
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Related URLs:
Date made live: 21 Jul 2008 12:43
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/3456

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...