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Performance of generalist and specialist herbivores and their endoparasitoids differs on cultivated and wild Brassica populations

Gols, Rieta; Bukovinszky, Tibor; van Dam, Nicole; Dicke, Marcel; Bullock, James M.; Harvey, Jeffrey A.. 2008 Performance of generalist and specialist herbivores and their endoparasitoids differs on cultivated and wild Brassica populations. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 34 (2). 132-143. 10.1007/s10886-008-9429-z

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Abstract/Summary

Through artificial selection, domesticated plants often contain modified levels of primary and secondary metabolites compared to their wild progenitors. It is hypothesized that the changed chemistry of cultivated plants will affect the performance of insects associated with these plants. In this paper, the development of several specialist and generalist herbivores and their endoparasitoids were compared when reared on a wild and cultivated population of cabbage, Brassica oleracea, and a recently established feral Brassica species. Irrespective of insect species or the degree of dietary specialization, herbivores and parasitoids developed most poorly on the wild population. For the specialists, plant population influenced only development time and adult body mass, whereas for the generalists, plant populations also affected egg-to-adult survival. Two parasitoid species, a generalist (Diadegma fenestrale) and a specialist (D. semiclausum), were reared from the same host (Plutella xylostella). Performance of D. semiclausum was closely linked to that of its host, whereas the correlation between survival of D. fenestrale and host performance was less clear. Plants in the Brassicaceae characteristically produce defense-related glucosinolates (GS). Levels of GS in leaves of undamaged plants were significantly higher in plants from the wild population than from the domesticated populations. Moreover, total GS concentrations increased significantly in wild plants after herbivory, but not in domesticated or feral plants. The results of this study reveal that a cabbage cultivar and plants from a wild cabbage population exhibit significant differences in quality in terms of their effects on the growth and development of insect herbivores and their natural enemies. Although cultivated plants have proved to be model systems in agroecology, we argue that some caution should be applied to evolutionary explanations derived from studies on domesticated plants, unless some knowledge exists on the history of the system under investigation.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s10886-008-9429-z
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biodiversity > BD01 Conservation and Restoration of Biodiversity > BD01.3 Population and community processes
CEH Sections: Hails
ISSN: 0098-0331
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This article is available on open access from the publisher's website
Additional Keywords: Crucifer, Diadegma fenestrale, Diadegma semiclausum, Direct defense, Glucosinolates, Induction, Mamestra brassicae, Pieris rapae, Plutella xylostella
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 23 Feb 2009 11:11
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/3259

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