nerc.ac.uk

Foraminiferal biodiversity associated with cold-water coral carbonate mounds and open slope of SE Rockall Bank (Irish continental margin—NE Atlantic)

Morigi, C.; Sabbatini, A.; Vitale, G.; Pancotti, I.; Gooday, A.J.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; De Stigter, H.C.; Danovaro, R.; Negri, A.. 2012 Foraminiferal biodiversity associated with cold-water coral carbonate mounds and open slope of SE Rockall Bank (Irish continental margin—NE Atlantic). Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 59. 54-71. 10.1016/j.dsr.2011.10.004

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract/Summary

Cold-water coral (CWC) ecosystems are hotspots of macro- and microfaunal biodiversity and provide refuge for a wide variety of deep-sea species. We investigated how the abundance and biodiversity of ‘live’ (Rose Bengal stained) foraminifera varies with, and is related to, the occurrence of CWC on the Rockall Bank (NE Atlantic). Qualitative and quantitative analyses were performed on 21 replicate samples from 8 deep-sea stations, including 4 stations on CWC-covered carbonate mounds at depths of 567–657 m, and 4 stations on the adjacent slope at depths of 469–1958 m where CWC were absent. This sampling strategy enabled us to demonstrate that sediments surrounding the living CWC were characterised by higher foraminiferal abundance and biodiversity than open-slope sediments from the same area. A total of 163 foraminiferal species was identified. The dominant species in CWC sediments were: Spirillina vivipara, Allogromiid sp. 1, Globocassidulina subglobosa, Adercotryma wrighti, Eponides pusillus, Ehrenbergina carinata, Planulina ariminensis, Trochammina inflata and Paratrochammina challengeri. Foraminifera were nearly absent in adjacent open slope areas subject to strong tidal currents and characterised by coarse grained deposits. We suggest that CWC create a heterogeneous three-dimensional substrate offering microhabitats to a diverse benthic foraminiferal community.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.dsr.2011.10.004
Programmes: NOC Programmes
ISSN: 09670637
Additional Keywords: Foraminifera; Biodiversity; Cold water coral; High energy/strong currents environment; North Atlantic
Date made live: 24 Jan 2012 17:21 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/308995

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...