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Nitrogen oxides emission from soils bearing a potato crop as influenced by fertilization with treated pig slurries and composts

Vallejo, Antonio; Skiba, Ute M.; Garcia-Torres, Lourdes; Arce, Augusto; Lopez-Fernandez, Susana; Sanchez-Martin, Laura. 2006 Nitrogen oxides emission from soils bearing a potato crop as influenced by fertilization with treated pig slurries and composts. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38. 2782-2793. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.040

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Abstract/Summary

Nitrous oxide, nitric oxide and denitrification losses from an irrigated soil amended with organic fertilizers with different soluble organic carbon fractions and ammonium contents were studied in a field study covering the growing season of potato (Solanum tuberosum). Untreated pig slurry (IPS) with and without the nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide (DCD), digested thin fraction of pig slurry (DTP), composted solid fraction of pig slurry (CP) and composted municipal solid waste (MSW) mixed with urea were applied at a rate of 175 kg available N ha−1, and emissions were compared with those from urea (U) and a control treatment without any added N fertilizer (Control). The cumulative denitrification losses correlated significantly with the soluble carbohydrates, dissolved N and total C added. Added dissolved organic C (DOC) and dissolved N affected the N2O/N2 ratio, and a lower ratio was observed for organic fertilizers than from urea or unfertilized controls. The proportion of N2O produced from nitrification was higher from urea than from organic fertilizers. Accumulated N2O losses during the crop season ranged from 3.69 to 7.31 kg N2O–N ha−1 for control and urea, respectively, whereas NO losses ranged from 0.005 to 0.24 kg NO–N ha−1, respectively. Digested thin fraction of pig slurry compared to IPS mitigated the total N2O emission by 48% and the denitrification rate by 33%, but did not influence NO emissions. Composted pig slurry compared to untreated pig slurry increased the N2O emission by 40% and NO emission by 55%, but reduced the denitrification losses (34%). DCD partially inhibited nitrification rates and reduced N2O and NO emissions from pig slurry by at least 83% and 77%, respectively. MSW+U, with a C:N ratio higher than that of the composted pig slurry, produced the largest denitrification losses (33.3 kg N ha−1), although N2O and NO emissions were lower than for the U and CP treatments. This work has shown that for an irrigated clay loam soil additions of treated organic fertilizers can mitigate the emissions of the atmospheric pollutants NO and N2O in comparison with urea.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.040
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry > BG01 Measuring and modelling trace gas, aerosol and carbon > BG01.1 UK nitrogen and sulphur compounds
CEH Sections: _ Atmospheric Sciences
ISSN: 0038-0717
Additional Keywords: nitrous oxide, nitric oxide, denitrification, organic fertilizer, compost, pig slurry, dissolved organic C, dicyandiamide
NORA Subject Terms: Agriculture and Soil Science
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 15 May 2008 08:07
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/2933

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