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Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap

Cross, Jerry V.; Hesketh, Helen; Jay, Chantelle N.; Hall, David R.; Innocenzi, Paul J.; Farman, Dudley I.; Burgess, Chris M.. 2006 Exploiting the aggregation pheromone of strawberry blossom weevil Anthonomus rubi Herbst (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Part 1. Development of lure and trap. Crop Protection, 25 (2). 144-154. 10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002

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Abstract/Summary

This study was the first part of a project to assess the applicability of the male-produced, aggregation pheromone of the strawberry blossom weevil, Anthonomus rubi, for commercial monitoring and control. An optimised pheromone lure and trap were developed. Low-cost, robust and reliable polyethylene sachet dispensers containing 100 μl of a blend of grandlures I, II and (±)-lavandulol in the naturally occurring 1:4:1 ratio were shown to have constant release rates of 0.64 and 0.96 mg/day at 20 and 27 °C, respectively and a life of over 8 weeks in the field. Field experiments showed that increasing the release rate by approximately five times marginally increased attractiveness but a four times reduction in the release rate significantly decreased attractiveness. It was concluded that the standard release rate was satisfactory. Male A. rubi weevils were shown to produce the R enantiomer of lavandulol, but it was also demonstrated that the S enantiomer is not repellent and that low-cost racemic (±)-lavandulol is equally attractive. Although (−)-germacrene-D showed a weak synergistic effect when added to the pheromone components, inclusion in a commercial lure was uneconomic. Two further experiments examined the effect of reducing the amount of grandlure I, a costly chemical, in the blend. Although the results of one of these experiments was inconclusive, in the other it was found that reducing the amount of grandlure I by a factor of four did not decrease attractiveness significantly, though the ratio of males to females decreased significantly. A four times reduction in grandlure I content gives a 40% reduction in the cost of the chemicals in the lures. Experiments were carried out to develop an effective and practical trap design. Various modifications of the sticky board trap used in the original work were compared with boll weevil, funnel, delta and sticky stake designs. Most weevils were caught with the sticky stake design, made from a pointed wooden stake inserted vertically into the ground with a band of polybutene sticker around the circumference and a plastic board fixed horizontally on top of the stake to provide protection of the sticky surface from rain. A lure was hung from one corner of the board.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.cropro.2005.04.002
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biodiversity
CEH Sections: _ Pathogen Population Ecology
ISSN: 0261-2194
Format Availability: Electronic, Print
Additional Keywords: Strawberry blossom weevil, Anthonomus rubi, Aggregation pheromone, Germacrene-D, Grandlure I, Grandlure II, Lavandulol, Enantiomers, Release rate, Lure optimisation
NORA Subject Terms: Agriculture and Soil Science
Biology and Microbiology
Electronics, Engineering and Technology
Date made live: 04 Jul 2007 11:20
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/287

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