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Phylogenetic analysis of Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus strains from the Arabian Peninsula: did RHDV emerge simultaneously in Europe and Asia?

Forrester, N. L.; Abubakr, M. I.; Abu Elzein, E. M. E.; al-Afaleq, A. I.; Housawi, F. M. T.; Moss, S. R.; Turner, S. L.; Gould, E. A.. 2006 Phylogenetic analysis of Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus strains from the Arabian Peninsula: did RHDV emerge simultaneously in Europe and Asia? Virology, 344. 277-282. 10.1016/j.virol.2005.10.006

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Abstract/Summary

Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) emerged in 1984 in China and subsequently a single strain apparently dispersed worldwide killing millions of rabbits. Two isolates that caused outbreaks in Saudi Arabia and Bahrain have been sequenced and analysed phylogenetically. The Saudi Arabian lineage is directly descended from the Chinese strain, but the Bahrain isolate occupies a distinct and more divergent lineage than the Chinese virus implying that epidemic RHDV strains have emerged at least twice during the past 20 years and are co-circulating in both domestic and wild rabbits.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.virol.2005.10.006
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biodiversity
CEH Sections: _ Molecular Virology & Parasitology
ISSN: 0042-6822
Additional Keywords: Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus; Middle East; Phylogenetic analysis; Emerging viruses
NORA Subject Terms: Biology and Microbiology
Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 30 Apr 2008 08:51
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/2840

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