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Effects of genetically modified herbicide-tolerant cropping systems on weed seedbanks in two years of following crops

Firbank, L.G.; Rothery, P.; May, M. J.; Clark, S.J.; Scott, R. J.; Stuart, R. C.; Boffey, C.W.H.; Brooks, D. R.; Champion, G. T.; Haughton, A. J.; Hawes, C.; Heard, M. S.; Dewar, A. M.; Perry, J. N.; Squire, G. R.. 2006 Effects of genetically modified herbicide-tolerant cropping systems on weed seedbanks in two years of following crops. Biology Letters, 2. 140-143. 10.1098/rsbl.2005.0390

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Abstract/Summary

The Farm Scale Evaluations (FSEs) showed that genetically modified herbicide-tolerant (GMHT) cropping systems could influence farmland biodiversity because of their effects on weed biomass and seed production. Recently published results for winter oilseed rape showed that a switch to GMHT crops significantly affected weed seedbanks for at least 2 years after the crops were sown, potentially causing longer-term effects on other taxa. Here, we seek evidence for similar medium-term effects on weed seedbanks following spring-sown GMHT crops, using newly available data from the FSEs. Weed seedbanks following GMHT maize were significantly higher than following conventional varieties for both the first and second years, while by contrast, seedbanks following GMHT spring oilseed rape were significantly lower over this period. Seedbanks following GMHT beet were smaller than following conventional crops in the first year after the crops had been sown, but this difference was much reduced by the second year for reasons that are not clear. These new data provide important empirical evidence for longer-term effects of GMHT cropping on farmland biodiversity.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1098/rsbl.2005.0390
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biodiversity
CEH Sections: _ Ecosystem Assessment & Forecasting
_ Ecological Processes & Modelling
_ Population & Conservation Ecology
ISSN: 1744-9561
Additional Keywords: Farm Scale Evaluations, arable weeds, farmland biodiversity
NORA Subject Terms: Botany
Agriculture and Soil Science
Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 30 Apr 2008 08:42
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/2839

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