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On the use of discrete seasonal and directional models for the estimation of extreme wave conditions

Mackay, Edward B.L.; Challenor, Peter G.; Bahaj, AbuBakr S.. 2010 On the use of discrete seasonal and directional models for the estimation of extreme wave conditions. Ocean Engineering, 37 (5-6). 425-442. 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2010.01.017

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Abstract/Summary

Extreme value theory is commonly used in offshore engineering to estimate extreme significant wave height. To justify the use of extreme value models it is of critical importance either to verify that the assumptions made by the models are satisfied by the data or to examine the effect violating model assumptions. An important assumption made in the derivation of extreme value models is that the data come from a stationary distribution. The distribution of significant wave height varies with both the direction of origin of a storm and the season it occurs in, violating the assumption of a stationary distribution. Extreme value models can be applied to analyse the data in discrete seasons or directional sectors over which the distribution can be considered approximately stationary. Previous studies have suggested that models which ignore seasonality or directionality are less accurate and will underestimate extremes. This study shows that in fact the opposite is true. Using realistic case studies, it is shown that estimates of extremes from non-seasonal models have a lower bias and variance than estimates from discrete seasonal models and that estimates from discrete seasonal models tend to be biased high. The results are also applicable to discrete directional models.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2010.01.017
ISSN: 0029-8018
Date made live: 13 May 2010 15:38 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/252137

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