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Biodiversity in urban habitat patches

Angold, P. G.; Sadler, J. P.; Hill, M. O.; Pullin, A.; Rushton, S.; Austin, K.; Small, E.; Wood, B.; Wadsworth, R.; Sanderson, R.; Thompson, K.. 2006 Biodiversity in urban habitat patches. Science of the Total Environment, 360. 196-204. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.08.035

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Abstract/Summary

We examined the biodiversity of urban habitats in Birmingham (England) using a combination of field surveys of plants and carabid beetles, genetic studies of four species of butterflies, modelling the anthropochorous nature of the floral communities and spatially explicit modelling of selected mammal species. The aim of the project was to: (i) understand the ecological characteristics of the biota of cities model, (ii) examine the effects of habitat fragment size and connectivity upon the ecological diversity and individual species distributions, (iii) predict biodiversity in cities, and (iv) analyse the extent to which the flora and fauna utilise the ‘urban greenways’ both as wildlife corridors and as habitats in their own right. The results suggest that cities provide habitats for rich and diverse range of plants and animals, which occur sometimes in unlikely recombinant communities. The studies on carabids and butterflies illustrated the relative importance of habitat quality on individual sites as opposed to site location within the conurbation. This suggests that dispersal for most of our urban species is not a limiting factor in population persistence, although elements of the woodland carabid fauna did appear to have some geographical structuring. Theoretical models suggested that dormice and water voles may depend on linear habitats for dispersal. The models also indicated that other groups, such as small and medium sized mammals, may use corridors, although field-based research did not provide any evidence to suggest that plants or invertebrates use urban greenways for dispersal. This finding indicates the importance of identifying a target species or group of species for urban greenways intended as dispersal routeways rather than as habitat in their own right. Their importance for most groups is rather that greenways provide a chain of different habitats permeating the urban environment. We suggest that planners can have a positive impact on urban biodiversity by slowing the pace of redevelopment and by not hurrying to tidy up and redevelop brownfield sites.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.08.035
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biodiversity
CEH Sections: _ Ecological Processes & Modelling
_ Biological Records Centre
ISSN: 0048-9697
Additional Keywords: Biodiversity, Habitat corridors, Plants, Beetles, Mammals, Butterflies, Modelling, URGENT, Birmingham
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 26 Jun 2007 15:27
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/240

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