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Micromorphology of a debris flow deposit : evidence of basal shearing, hydrofracturing, liquefaction and rotational deformation during emplacement

Phillips, Emrys. 2006 Micromorphology of a debris flow deposit : evidence of basal shearing, hydrofracturing, liquefaction and rotational deformation during emplacement. Quaternary Science Reviews, 25 (7-8). 720-738. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.07.004

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Abstract/Summary

Micromorphological analysis has been applied to a very coarse debris flow deposit and associated sand-dominated glaciofluvial sediments exposed in Westend Wood Quarry, Carstairs, Central Scotland. The microstructures present (folds, faults, plasmic fabrics) within this diamicton and underlying predominantly sandy sediments are interpreted in terms of sedimentary processes active during emplacement of the debris flow. These processes include the formation of a basal shear zone, the deformation and mixing of fine-grained sediments incorporated into the base of overriding debris flow. Features associated with liquefaction, sediment remobilisation and water escape are also present and developed in response to increasing overburden pressure during debris flow emplacement. These microstructures have also been recorded elsewhere within subglacial diamictons, and an evaluation is made between microstructures in palaeo debris flow deposits and those found in modern debris flows.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.07.004
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Geology and Landscape Northern
ISSN: 0277-3791
Format Availability: Electronic, Print
Additional Keywords: BGSPAP; Micromorphology ; Debris flows ; ES023 ; Scotland
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 23 Jul 2007 10:48
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/213

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