nerc.ac.uk

Development of catchment research, with particular attention to Plynlimon and its forerunner, the East African catchments

Blackie, J. R.; Robinson, M.. 2007 Development of catchment research, with particular attention to Plynlimon and its forerunner, the East African catchments. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 11 (1). 26-43.

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
Blackie_and_Robinson_2007.pdf

Download (1MB)

Abstract/Summary

Dr J.S.G. McCulloch was deeply involved in the establishment of research catchments in East Africa and subsequently in the UK to investigate the hydrological consequences of changes in land use. Comparison of these studies provides an insight into how influential his inputs and direction have been in the progressive development of the philosophy, the instrumentation and the analytical techniques now employed in catchment research. There were great contrasts in the environments: tropical highland (high radiation, intense rainfall) vs. temperate maritime (low radiation and frontal storms), contrasting soils and vegetation types, as well as the differing social and economic pressures in developing and developed nations. Nevertheless, the underlying scientific philosophy was common to both, although techniques had to be modified according to local conditions. As specialised instrumentation and analytical techniques were developed for the UK catchments many were also integrated into the East African studies. Many lessons were learned in the course of these studies and from the experiences of other studies around the world. Overall, a rigorous scientific approach was developed with widespread applicability. Beyond the basics of catchment selection and the quantification of the main components of the catchment water balance, this involved initiating parallel process studies to provide information on specific aspects of catchment behaviour. This information could then form the basis for models capable of extrapolation from the observed time series to other periods/hydrological events and, ultimately, the capability of predicting the consequences of changes in catchment land management to other areas in a range of climates.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Water
CEH Sections: Harding (to July 2011)
ISSN: 1027-5606
Additional Keywords: catchments, evaporation, land use, East Africa, Plynlimon, water balance
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Hydrology
Date made live: 21 Jan 2008 13:52
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/2129

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...