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Flexibility in phenology and habitat use act as buffers to long-term population declines in UK passerines

Salido, L.; Purse, B.V.; Marrs, R.; Chamberlain, D.E.; Shultz, S.. 2012 Flexibility in phenology and habitat use act as buffers to long-term population declines in UK passerines. Ecography, 35 (7). 604-613. 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.06797.x

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Abstract/Summary

Ecological responses to environmental change are wide-ranging, from alterations in the timing of life-history events to range and population changes. Explaining the variation across species in these responses is essential for identifying vulnerable species and for developing adequate conservation or mitigation strategies. Using population trend data from the UK Breeding Bird Survey, this study examined the association between long-term population trends (1994–2007) and phenological, life-history and resource-use traits of UK passerine species. Phenology, as well as productivity and resource use were signifi cantly associated with long-term population trends. Average laying date and fi rst clutch laying period were key predictors, with higher population growth rates associated with earlier laying dates and longer laying periods. Th is suggests that fl exibility in the duration of reproductive periods buff ers species against environmental changes. Average laying period was particularly important for migrant species. Flexibility in laying dates for these species is constrained by their arrival dates; mean change in arrival date over a twenty-fi ve year period strongly predicted population trends amongst migrant species. Besides the key role phenological fl exibility plays in buff ering population declines, we also showed that more productive, generalist species were less likely to have declining populations than species with specialized habitat requirements, particularly those associated with farmland and urban areas and those reliant on highly seasonal food items (i.e. invertebrate eaters). Th ese results underscore the need for a multi-faceted approach to understanding the mechanisms governing population trends. Additionally, species ’ sensitivity to environmental change is likely to depend on interactions between species-specifi c phenology, habitat and resource-use traits

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.06797.x
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity
CEH Sections: Watt
ISSN: 0906-7590
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Zoology
Date made live: 21 Jan 2013 13:36 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/21144

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