nerc.ac.uk

Unusual Southern Hemisphere tree growth patterns induced by changes in the Southern Annular Mode

Villalba, Ricardo; Lara, Antonio; Masiokas, Mariano H.; Urrutia, Rocío; Luckman, Brian H.; Marshall, Gareth J.; Mundo, Ignacio A.; Christie, Duncan A.; Cook, Edward R.; Neukom, Raphael; Allen, Kathryn; Fenwick, Pavla; Boninsegna, José A.; Srur, Ana M.; Morales, Mariano S.; Araneo, Diego; Palmer, Jonathan G.; Cuq, Emilio; Aravena, Juan C.; Holz, Andrés; LeQuesne, Carlos. 2012 Unusual Southern Hemisphere tree growth patterns induced by changes in the Southern Annular Mode. Nature Geoscience, 5 (11). 793-798. 10.1038/NGEO1613

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract/Summary

Recent changes in the summer climate of the Southern Hemisphere extra-tropics are primarily related to the dominance of the positive phase of the Southern Annular Mode. This shift in the behaviour of the Southern Annular Mode—essentially a measure of the pressure gradient between Southern Hemisphere mid and high latitudes—has been predominantly induced by polar stratospheric ozone depletion. The concomitant southward expansion of the dry subtropical belts could have consequences for forest growth. Here, we use tree-ring records from over 3,000 trees in South America, Tasmania and New Zealand to identify dominant patterns of tree growth in recent centuries. We show that the foremost patterns of growth between 1950 and 2000 differed significantly from those in the previous 250 years. Specifically, growth was higher than the long-term average in the subalpine forests of Tasmania and New Zealand, but lower in the dry-mesic forests of Patagonia. We further demonstrate that variations in the Southern Annular Mode can explain 12–48% of the tree growth anomalies in the latter half of the twentieth century. Tree-ring-based reconstructions of summer Southern Annular Mode indices suggest that the high frequency of the positive phase since the 1950s is unprecedented in the past 600 years. We propose that changes in the Southern Annular Mode have significantly altered tree growth patterns in the Southern Hemisphere.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1038/NGEO1613
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Climate
ISSN: 1752-0894
Additional Keywords: Climate science, Atmospheric science, Biogeochemistry, Palaeoclimate and palaeoceanography, Ecology
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Botany
Date made live: 18 Dec 2012 13:31 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/20836

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...