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Source and persistence of pesticides in a semi-confined chalk aquifer of southeast England

Lapworth, D.J.; Gooddy, D.C.. 2006 Source and persistence of pesticides in a semi-confined chalk aquifer of southeast England. Environmental Pollution, 144 (3). 1031-1044. 10.1016/j.envpol.2005.12.055

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Abstract/Summary

Pesticide contamination in groundwater is an increasing problem that poses a significant long-term threat to water quality. Following the detection of elevated concentrations of diuron in boreholes in a semi-confined chalk aquifer from southeast England, a sampling programme was undertaken. Between 2003 and 2004 diuron was observed in 90% of groundwaters analysed. In 60% of groundwater samples metabolites of diuron were more prevalent than the parent compound. Longer-term (1989–2005) monitoring shows that pollution of the aquifer by atrazine, simazine, and more recently diuron, shows a positive correlation with periods of high groundwater levels. Results from groundwater residence time indicators suggest that the highest diuron concentrations are associated with waters containing the greatest proportion of recent recharge. There is some evidence to indicate that diuron occurrence can be spatially related to areas of urban and industrial development and is probably correlated with amenity usage. Pesticides and their metabolites from amenity use pose a long-term threat to groundwater quality.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.envpol.2005.12.055
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Groundwater Management
ISSN: 0269-7491
Additional Keywords: Groundwater, Chalk, Pesticides, Metabolites, Land use, Vulnerability, GroundwaterBGS, Pesticide pollution
NORA Subject Terms: Hydrology
Related URLs:
Date made live: 22 Aug 2007 15:09
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/202

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