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Application of back-propagation neural networks to identification of seismic arrival types

Dai, Heng; MacBeth, Colin. 1997 Application of back-propagation neural networks to identification of seismic arrival types. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 101 (3-4). 177-188. 10.1016/S0031-9201(97)00004-6

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Abstract/Summary

A back-propagation neural network (BPNN) approach is developed to identify P- and S-arrivals from three-component recordings of local earthquake data. The BPNN is trained by selecting trace segments of P- and S-waves and noise bursts converted into an attribute space based on the degree of polarization (DOP). After training, the network can automatically identify the type of arrival on earthquake recordings. Compared with manual analysis, a BPNN trained with nine groups of DOP segments can correctly identify 82.3% of the P-arrivals and 62.6% of the S-arrivals from one seismic station, and when trained with five groups from a training dataset selected from another seismic station, it can correctly identify 76.6% of the P-arrivals and 60.5% of S-arrivals. This approach is adaptive and needs only the onset time of arrivals as input, although its performance cannot be improved by simply adding more training datasets due to the complexity of DOP patterns. Our experience suggests that other information or another network may be necessary to improve its performance.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/S0031-9201(97)00004-6
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Seismology and Geomagnetism
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 16 Oct 2012 13:30
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/19998

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