The role of local environment and geographical distance in determining community composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi at the landscape scale
Hazard, Christina; Gosling, Paul; van der Gast, Christopher J.; Mitchell, Derek T.; Doohan, Fiona M.; Bending, Gary D.. 2013 The role of local environment and geographical distance in determining community composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi at the landscape scale. ISME Journal, 7 (3). 498-508. 10.1038/ismej.2012.127Full text not available from this repository.
Arbuscular fungi have a major role in directing the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems yet little is known about their biogeographical distribution. The Baas-Becking hypothesis (‘everything is everywhere, but, the environment selects’) was tested by investigating the distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) at the landscape scale and the influence of environmental factors and geographical distance in determining community composition. AMF communities in Trifolium repens and Lolium perenne roots were assessed in 40 geographically dispersed sites in Ireland representing different land uses and soil types. Field sampling and laboratory bioassays were used, with AMF communities characterised using 18S rRNA terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Landscape-scale distribution of AMF was driven by the local environment. AMF community composition was influenced by abiotic variables (pH, rainfall and soil type), but not land use or geographical distance. Trifolium repens and L. perenne supported contrasting communities of AMF, and the communities colonising each plant species were consistent across pasture habitats and over distance. Furthermore, L. perenne AMF communities grouped by soil type within pasture habitats. This is the largest and most comprehensive study that has investigated the landscape-scale distribution of AMF. Our findings support the Baas-Becking hypothesis at the landscape scale and demonstrate the strong influence the local environment has on determining AMF community composition.
|Item Type:||Publication - Article|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/ismej.2012.127|
|Programmes:||CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 onwards > Biodiversity > BD Topic 2 - Ecological Processes in the Environment
CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 onwards > Biodiversity > BD Topic 1 - Observations, Patterns, and Predictions for Biodiversity
|Additional Keywords:||arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, biogeography, diversity, host preference, land use, soil type|
|NORA Subject Terms:||Ecology and Environment
Biology and Microbiology
|Date made live:||08 Nov 2012 10:49|
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