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Palynology and correlation of the Upper Pennsylvanian Tobra Formation from Zaluch Nala, Salt Range, Pakistan

Jan, Irfan U.; Stephenson, Michael H.. 2011 Palynology and correlation of the Upper Pennsylvanian Tobra Formation from Zaluch Nala, Salt Range, Pakistan. Palynology, 35 (2). 212-225. 10.1080/01916122.2011.573964

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Abstract/Summary

Samples from the upper 84 m of a 125 m thick section of the Tobra Formation at Zaluch Nala, western Salt Range, Pakistan yielded palynomorph taxa including the spores Horriditriletes sp. and Microbaculispora tentula, abundant monosaccate pollen including Barakarites cf. rotatus, Cannanoropollis janakii and Plicatipollenites malabarensis, and rare taeniate and non-taeniate bisaccate pollen. Converrucosisporites grandegranulatus, Cycadopites cymbatus, Horriditriletes ramosus, Horriditriletes tereteangulatus and Microbaculispora tentula indicate the South Oman 2165B Biozone (Late Pennsylvanian), suggesting that the Tobra Formation in Zaluch Nala is equivalent to the middle part of the Al Khlata Formation of South Oman (Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) Al Khlata production unit AK P5). Brevitriletes leptoacaina, Brevitriletes parmatus, Horriditriletes ramosus and Microbaculispora tentula indicate the lower part of the Oman and Saudi Arabia Palynological Zone 2 (OSPZ2). The Tobra Formation assemblages are also correlated with those from Stage 2 and the eastern Australian Microbaculispora tentula Oppel-zone, based on the occurrence of Brevitriletes cornutus, Brevitriletes parmatus, Cycadopites cymbatus, Horriditriletes ramosus, Horriditriletes tereteangulatus and Microbaculispora tentula. The Tobra Formation in Zaluch Nala lacks the deglaciation sequence that is present in several other palaeogeographically nearby basins such as those of south Arabia and Western Australia. This is an indication of either non-deposition during the deglaciation period or erosion associated with the unconformity between the Tobra Formation and the overlying Warchha Formation.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1080/01916122.2011.573964
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2010 > Energy Science
Date made live: 05 Oct 2012 12:43
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/19872

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