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Gypsum karst in China

Yaoru, L.; Cooper, A.H.. 1996 Gypsum karst in China. International Journal of Speleology, 25 (3-4). 297-307.

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Abstract/Summary

The Peoples Republic of China has the largest gypsum resources in the world and a long history of their exploitation. The gypsum deposits range in age from Pre-Cambrian to Quaternary and their genesis includes marine, lacustrine, thermal (volcanic and metasomatic), metamorphic and secondary deposits. The gypsum is commonly associated with other soluble rocks such as carbonates and salt. These geological conditions, regional climate differences and tectonic setting strongly influence the karstification process resulting in several karst types in China. Well developed gypsum palaeokarst and some modem gypsum karst is present in the Fengfeng Formation (Ordovician) gypsum of the Shanxi and Hebei Provinces. Collapse columns filled with breccia emanate upwards from this karst and affect the overlying coalfields causing difficult and hazardous mining conditions. Gypsum karst is also recorded in the middle Cambrian strata of Guizhou Province and the Triassic strata of Guizhou and Sichuan Provinces. Gypsum-salt lake karst has developed in the Pleistocene to Recent enclosed basin deposits within the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Physical Hazards
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This article can be downloaded for free from URL above
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 02 Oct 2012 12:56
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/19820

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