Noninvasive monitoring of DNAPL migration through a saturated porous medium using electrical impedance tomography

Chambers, J.E.; Loke, M.H.; Ogilvy, R.D.; Meldrum, P.I.. 2004 Noninvasive monitoring of DNAPL migration through a saturated porous medium using electrical impedance tomography. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 68 (1-2). 1-22. 10.1016/s0169-7722(03)00142-6

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Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) was used to monitor the movement of a fluorinated hydrocarbon dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) through a saturated porous medium within a laboratory column. Impedance measurements were made using a horizontal plane of 12 electrodes positioned at regular intervals around the centre of the column. A 2D inversion algorithm, which incorporated the cylindrical geometry of the column, was used to reconstruct resistivity and phase images from the measured data. Differential time-lapse images of DNAPL movement past the plane of electrodes were generated by the cell-by-cell subtraction of resistivity and phase baseline models from those associated with the DNAPL release stage of the experiment. The DNAPL pulse was clearly delineated as resistive anomalies in the differential time-lapse resistivity images. The spatial extent of the resistive anomalies indicated that in addition to vertical migration, some lateral spreading of the DNAPL had occurred. Residual contamination could be detected after quasi-static conditions were reestablished. Residual DNAPL saturation was estimated from the resistivity model data by applying Archie's second equation. Despite significant measured phase changes due to DNAPL contamination, the differential phase images revealed only weak anomalies associated with DNAPL flow; these anomalies could be seen only in the initial stages of the experiment during peak flow through the plane of electrodes.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/s0169-7722(03)00142-6
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Electrical Tomography
ISSN: 0169-7722
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 18 Sep 2012 10:10

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