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TRS Cs CRwo-water values for the marine environment: analysis, applications and comparisons

Psaltaki, M.; Brown, J.E.; Howard, B.J.. 2013 TRS Cs CRwo-water values for the marine environment: analysis, applications and comparisons. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 126. 367-375. 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2012.07.001

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Abstract/Summary

A new TRS document on Transfer of radionuclides to Wildlife has compiled equilibrium CRwo-mediavalues for a variety of radionuclides and ecosystems. Assessment tools such as the ERICA Tool use equilibrium whole organism concentration ratios (CRwo-media) to predict radionuclide activity concentrations in wildlife from those in media (e.g. water). The aim of this paper is to compare and contrast model predictions of doses from 137Cs to marine organisms using three different approaches: (i) the ERICA Tool utilising the new TRSvalues to estimate internal and external doses to reference organisms for the Black sea and the Aegean Sea and for the sea close to the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant. (ii) a hydrodynamic site specific model for seawater for parts of the Aegean Sea, Greece which estimates radionuclide concentrations using site specific data and (iii) a biokinetic model for fish applied to the Fukushima releases to the Pacific. The advantages and limitations of these approaches are discussed with respect to determining doses to pelagic fish. The applicability of the three approaches will vary with the objective of an assessment. The site specific model can predict variation in 137Cs with depth and uses site specific CR values. The application of the biokinetic model to predicted 137Cs activity concentrations in seawater and fish due to near coastal inputs from Fukushima Dai-ichi showed that the maximum internal dose-rates in fish attributable to 137Cs would be substantially lower than those determined using equilibrium assumptions in ERICA but the accumulative doses over 100 days were similar.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2012.07.001
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 onwards > Biogeochemistry > BGC Topic 2 - Biogeochemistry and Climate System Processes > BGC - 2.1 - Quantify & model processes that control the emission, fate and bioavailability of pollutants
CEH Sections: Shore
ISSN: 0265-931X
Additional Keywords: radioecology, Cs-137, CRwo-media, marine organisms, doserates
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 12 Sep 2012 15:57
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/19502

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