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Operational Wave, Current, and Wind Measurements With the Pisces HF Radar

Wyatt, Lucy R.; Green, J. Jim; Middleditch, Andrew; Moorhead, Mike D.; Howarth, John; Holt, Martin; Keogh, Simon. 2006 Operational Wave, Current, and Wind Measurements With the Pisces HF Radar. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 31 (4). 819-834. 10.1109/JOE.2006.888378

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Abstract/Summary

This paper presents results of a trial of a Pisces HF radar system aimed at assessing its use as a component of a wave-monitoring network being installed around the coasts of England and Wales. The radar system has been operating since December 2003 and the trial continued to June 2005. The data have been processed in near-real time and displayed on a website. Radar measurements of the directional spectrum and derived parameters are compared with those measured with a directional waverider and with products from the Met Office, United Kingdom, operational wave model. Radar measurements of currents and winds are also compared with Met Office model products and, in the case of winds, with the QuikSCAT scatterometer. Statistics on data availability and accuracy are presented. The results demonstrate that useful availability and accuracy in wave and wind parameters are obtained above a waveheight threshold of 2 m and at ranges up to 120 km at the radar operating frequencies (7-10 MHz) used. Waveheight measurements above about 1 m can be made with reasonable accuracy (e.g., mean difference of 2.5% during January-February 2004). Period and direction parameters in low seas are often contaminated by noise in the radar signal. The comparisons provide some evidence of wave model limitations in offshore wind and swell conditions.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1109/JOE.2006.888378
Programmes: POL Programmes
ISSN: 0364-9059
Additional Keywords: Directional waverider buoy, HF radar, QuikSCAT, model, ocean wave measurement, surface current, tide, wind
NORA Subject Terms: Marine Sciences
Date made live: 31 Aug 2012 15:29
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/19460

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