Anthropogenic and geogenic impacts on arsenic bioaccessibility in UK topsoils
Appleton, J.D.; Cave, M.R.; Wragg, J.. 2012 Anthropogenic and geogenic impacts on arsenic bioaccessibility in UK topsoils. Science of the Total Environment, 435. 21-29. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.07.002Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
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Predictive linear regression (LR) modelling between bioaccessible arsenic (B-As) and a range of total elemental compositions and soil properties was executed in order to assess the potential for developing a national B-As dataset for the UK. LR indicates that total arsenic (As) is the only highly significant independent variable for estimating B-As in urban areas where it explains 75–92% of the variance. The broad compatibility of the London, Glasgow and Swansea regression models suggests that application of these models to estimate bioaccessible As in UK soils impacted by diffuse anthropogenic urban contamination and non-ferrous metal processing should be relatively accurate. In areas dominated by Jurassic ironstones and associated clays and limestones, total As, P and pH are significant, accounting for 53, 14 and 5%, respectively, of the B-As variance. Models based on total As as the sole predictor in the combined Jurassic and Cretaceous sedimentary ironstones datasets explain about 40% of the B-As variance. The median As bioaccessible fraction (%As-BAF) is 19 to 28% in the anthropogenic contamination impacted urban domains, but much lower (5–9%) in geogenic terrains dominated by ironstones. Results of this study can be used as part of a lines of evidence approach to localised risk assessment but should not be used to replace bioaccessibility testing at individual sites where local conditions may vary considerably from the broad overview presented in this study.
|Item Type:||Publication - Article|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.07.002|
|Programmes:||BGS Programmes 2010 > Information and Knowledge Exchange (Information Products)|
|NORA Subject Terms:||Earth Sciences
|Date made live:||30 Jul 2012 12:30|
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