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Drought alters the structure and functioning of complex food webs

Ledger, Mark E.; Brown, Lee E. ; Edwards, Francois K.; Milner, Alexander M.; Woodward, Guy. 2013 Drought alters the structure and functioning of complex food webs. Nature Climate Change, 3 (3). 223-227. 10.1038/nclimate1684

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Abstract/Summary

Climate change is expected to make many regions of the world much drier over coming decades. More intense drought would transform rivers with potentially severe but largely unknown consequences at higher (multispecies) levels of organization. Here we show experimentally how the intensification of drought may alter the underlying structure and functioning (biomass flux dynamics) of freshwater food webs—networks of species and their interactions. Drought triggered substantial losses of species and links, especially among predators, leading to the partial collapse of the food webs. Total resource–consumer biomass flux was also strongly suppressed by disturbance, yet several network-level properties (such as connectance and interaction diversity) were conserved, driven by consumer resource fidelity and a substantial reconfiguration of fluxes within the webs as production shifted down the size spectrum from large to small species. Our research demonstrates that drier climates could have far-reaching impacts on the functioning of freshwater ecosystems.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1038/nclimate1684
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Water > WA Topic 2 - Ecohydrological Processes > WA - 2.4 - Quantify the importance of food web structure and trophic interactions ...
CEH Sections: Acreman
ISSN: 1758-678X
Additional Keywords: biodiversity, ecosystems, ecology, impacts
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 24 Sep 2012 09:38
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/18828

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