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Potential for using isotopically altered metalloproteins in species-specific isotope dilution analysis of proteins by HPLC coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS)

Harrington, Chris F.; Vidler, Daniel S.; Watts, Michael J.; Hall, John F.. 2005 Potential for using isotopically altered metalloproteins in species-specific isotope dilution analysis of proteins by HPLC coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS). Analytical Chemistry, 77 (13). 4034-4041. 10.1021/ac050256t

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Abstract/Summary

The production and evaluation of an isotopically enriched metalloprotein standard for use as a calibrant in species-specific isotope dilution analysis by HPLC coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry is described. Using a model system involving the copper-containing protein rusticyanin (Rc) from the bacterium Acido-thiobacillus ferrooxidans, it was possible to demonstrate the analytical conditions that could be used for the measurement of metalloproteins by on-line IDMS analysis. Rc was chosen because it is a well-characterized protein with an established amino acid sequence and can be produced in suitable quantities using a bacterial recombinant system. Three different forms of the protein were studied by organic and inorganic mass spectrometry:  the native form of the protein containing a natural isotopic profile for copper, an isotopically enriched species containing virtually all of its copper as the 65Cu isotope, and the nonmetalated apo form. Incorporation of the copper isotopes into the apo form of the protein was determined using a UV−vis spectrophotometric assay and shown to be complete for each of the copper-containing species. The experimental conditions required to maintain the conformational form of the protein with a nonexchangeable copper center were established using +ve electrospray mass spectrometry. A pH 7.0 buffer was found to afford the most appropriate conditions, and this was then used with HPLC−ICP-MS to verify the stability of the copper center by analysis of mixtures of different isotopic solutions. No exchange of the enriched copper isotope from Rc with an added naturally abundant inorganic copper cation was observed under a neutral pH environment, indicating that species-specific ID-MS analysis of metalloproteins is possible.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1021/ac050256t
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Other
Date made live: 12 Jul 2012 15:46
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/18709

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