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Foraging black-browed albatrosses target waters overlaying moraine banks - a consequence of upward benthic-pelagic coupling?

Wakefield, Ewan D.; Phillips, Richard A.; Belchier, Mark. 2012 Foraging black-browed albatrosses target waters overlaying moraine banks - a consequence of upward benthic-pelagic coupling? Antarctic Science, 24 (3). 269-280. 10.1017/S0954102012000132

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Abstract/Summary

Wide-ranging, surface-feeding pelagic seabirds are the most numerous functional group of birds in the Southern Ocean. The mesoscale habitat use of these birds is increasingly being quantified by relating their movements to remotely sensed, near surface properties of the ocean. However, prey availability at the sea surface may also be determined by habitat characteristics not measurable from space. For instance, benthic-pelagic coupling, which occurs when seabed processes affect productivity in the epipelagic zone, can link benthic habitat type to availability of surface prey. We combined acoustically derived maps of the substrate of the South Georgia shelf with GPS tracking to quantify the sub-mesoscale habitat use of breeding black-browed albatrosses. We show that albatrosses preferentially used waters overlaying glacial moraine banks near the shelf edge and that this was unrelated to the presence of trawlers targeting mackerel icefish, which are also associated with these features. Stomach temperature profiles suggest that albatrosses primarily caught krill and fish over the banks.We hypothesize that black-browed albatrosses target waters overlaying moraine banks due to upward benthic-pelagic coupling, mediated by an increase in abundance of zooplankton such as Antarctic krill. Our findings suggest that the potential effects of such processes on pelagic seabird distribution warrant wider investigation.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1017/S0954102012000132
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Ecosystems
ISSN: 0954-1020
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Copyright 2012 Antarctic Science Ltd
Additional Keywords: Antarctic krill, individual movement, seabird bycatch, stomach temperature loggers, submesoscale habitat use, Thalassarche melanophris
Date made live: 12 Jun 2012 08:28
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/18341

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