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Characterizing the availability of metals in contaminated soils. 1, the solid phase : sequential extraction and isotopic dilution

Young, S.D.; Zhang, H.; Tye, A.M.; Maxted, A.; Thums, C.; Thornton, I.. 2005 Characterizing the availability of metals in contaminated soils. 1, the solid phase : sequential extraction and isotopic dilution. Soil Use and Management, 21 (S2). 450-458. 10.1079/SUM2005348

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Abstract/Summary

The two approaches most commonly applied to characterizing the chemical form and ‘reactivity’ of metals in the soil solid phase are sequential extraction procedures (SEPs) and isotopic dilution (ID). The development and limitations of both approaches are described and their application to contaminated soils discussed. It may be argued that ID offers a better means of discriminating between ‘reactive’ and ‘inert’ forms of metal. However, the literature on SEPs is considerably larger, providing greater scope for comparative analysis of new data. Although ID methods are subject to operational constraints, the procedural dependency of SEPs is probably much greater. Thus greater effort has been expended to standardize and verify methodologies for SEPs. However, despite achieving a level of ‘political ratification’ at the procedural level, the use of SEPs within risk assessments for planning or development purposes is currently almost absent. The future for ID methods in this context may lie in site-specific risk assessments that include improved methods for the prediction of metal solubility and bioavailability.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1079/SUM2005348
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Sustainable Soils
ISSN: 0266-0032
Date made live: 09 May 2012 10:27
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/17991

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