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Practical aspects of applied optimised survey design for electrical resistivity tomography

Wilkinson, Paul B.; Loke, Meng Heng; Meldrum, Philip I.; Chambers, Jonathan E.; Kuras, Oliver; Gunn, David A.; Ogilvy, Richard D.. 2012 Practical aspects of applied optimised survey design for electrical resistivity tomography. Geophysical Journal International, 189 (1). 428-440. 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05372.x

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Abstract/Summary

The use of optimised resistivity tomography surveys to acquire field data imposes extra constraints on the design strategy beyond maximising the quality of the resulting tomographic image. In this paper, methods are presented to 1) minimise electrode polarisation effects; 2) make efficient use of parallel measurement channels; and 3) incorporate data noise estimates in the optimisation process. 1) A simulated annealing algorithm is used to rearrange the optimised measurement sequences to minimise polarisation errors. The method is developed using random survey designs, and is demonstrated to be effective for use with single and multi-channel optimised surveys. 2) An optimisation algorithm is developed to design surveys by successive addition of multi-channel groups of measurements rather than individual electrode configurations. The multi-channel surveys are shown to produce results nearly as close to optimal as equivalent single channel surveys, while reducing data collection times by an order of magnitude. 3) Random errors in the data are accounted for by weighting the electrode configurations in the optimisation process according to a simple error model incorporating background and voltage-dependent noise. The use of data weighting produces optimised surveys that are more robust in the presence of noise, while maintaining as much of the image resolution of the noise-free designs as possible. All the new methods described in this paper are demonstrated using both synthetic and real data, the latter having been measured on an active landslide using a permanently installed geoelectrical monitoring system.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05372.x
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2010 > Geoscience Technologies
ISSN: 0956-540X
NORA Subject Terms: Physics
Earth Sciences
Mathematics
Date made live: 08 May 2012 14:43
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/17982

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