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A comparison of caesium 137 and 134 activity in sheep remaining on upland areas contaminated by Chernobyl fallout with those removed to less active lowland pasture

Howard, B.J.; Beresford, N.A.; Burrow, L.; Shaw, P.V.; Curtis, E.J.C.. 2000 A comparison of caesium 137 and 134 activity in sheep remaining on upland areas contaminated by Chernobyl fallout with those removed to less active lowland pasture. Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection, 7 (2). 71-73. 10.1088/0260-2814/7/2/003

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Abstract/Summary

Caesium contamination of vegetation in some upland areas of the United Kingdom after the Chernobyl accident remained persistently higher than many anticipated. Consequently, some sheep continued to graze vegetation containing sufficiently high caesium activity to maintain tissue activity above the limits adopted for slaughter in the United Kingdom (1000 Bq kg-1 fresh weight). In this study the caesium activity in lambs remaining on affected upland areas has been compared with that of lambs removed to a lowland site. The former lost very little caesium activity from the end of July to mid-September 1987 owing to the persistently high caesium activity of the pasture. The transfer coefficient to lamb muscle (0.79 day kg-1) was 6 times higher than that previously estimated from lowland field studies. Lambs removed to much less contaminated lowland pasture rapidly lost their Cs activity with an initial biological half life of 10 days.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1088/0260-2814/7/2/003
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Other
CEH Sections: _ Environmental Chemistry & Pollution
ISSN: 0260-2814
Additional Keywords: radioecology
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 14 May 2012 10:23
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/17844

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