The use of dietary calcium intake of dairy ruminants to predict the transfer coefficient of radiostrontium to milk
Howard, B.J.; Beresford, N.A.; Mayes, R.W.; Hansen, H.S.; Crout, N.M.J.; Hove, K.. 1997 The use of dietary calcium intake of dairy ruminants to predict the transfer coefficient of radiostrontium to milk. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, 36 (1). 39-43. 10.1007/s004110050053Full text not available from this repository.
Transfer coefficients (the equilibrium ratio be-tween radionuclide activity concentration in milk or meat and the daily intake of radionuclide) are widely used to predict the contamination of animal products following the release of radionuclides into the environment. For a transfer coefficient to be generally applicable, its value must be constant for a range of circumstances. However, this is not the case for radiostrontium, the behaviour of which is strongly influenced by that of the homeostatically controlled nutrient, calcium. In this study, a relationship is derived between radiostrontium transfer coefficients and dietary calcium intake which takes into account the observed ratio for strontium:calcium transfer to milk. This relationship is tested against a range of observed data collated from the literature (n = 30) and found to account for 93% of the variability in transfer coefficient values. Model calculations show that a reduction in F m of at least 40%–60% would be expected if dairy cattle, fed rations typical for well-managed herds, were supplemented with 100–200 g per day. Larger reductions would be predicted when dietary calcium intake is low.
|Item Type:||Publication - Article|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s004110050053|
|Programmes:||CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Other|
|CEH Sections:||_ Pre-2000 sections|
|NORA Subject Terms:||Ecology and Environment|
|Date made live:||06 Jun 2012 11:10|
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