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A metabolic approach to simulating the dynamics of C-14, H-3 and S-35 in sheep tissues

Crout, N.M.J.; Mayes, R.W.; Beresford, N.A.; Lamb, C.S.; Howard, B.J.. 1998 A metabolic approach to simulating the dynamics of C-14, H-3 and S-35 in sheep tissues. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, 36 (4). 243-250. 10.1007/s004110050078

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Abstract/Summary

The results of a study in which groups of sheep were given single oral administrations of 14C, 3H and 35S and then slaughtered over a period of 1 year are reported. The experimental data were used to investigate the potential of metabolically based models for describing the transfer of the three radionuclides to sheep tissues. The structure of these models is based upon a simplified understanding of the transfer of the macro-elements C, H and S by processes such as respiration and protein synthesis/degradation. A consequence of this approach is that the three models have many common parameters. The models reproduced the general trends of the observations, accounting for 74%, 66%, and 58% of the observed variation in the 14C, 3H and 35S data, respectively, suggesting that they may provide a useful alternative approach to modelling the transfer of these radionuclides. The models presented are limited to the particular experimental situation for which they were developed, and further experimental work would be required to extend them. However, such metabolically based models have great potential: for example, they should be able to account for the influence of dietary intake, physiological status or the form of the radionuclide in the animals diet (e.g. tritiated water or organically bound tritium

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s004110050078
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Other
CEH Sections: _ Pre-2000 sections
ISSN: 0301-634X
Additional Keywords: radioecology
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 28 May 2012 15:16
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/17786

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