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The development and testing of an intraruminal slow-release bolus designed to limit radiocaesium absorption by small lambs grazing contaminated pastures

Beresford, N.A.; Hove, K.; Barnett, C.L.; Dodd, B.A.; Fawcett, A.R.; Mayes, R.W.. 1999 The development and testing of an intraruminal slow-release bolus designed to limit radiocaesium absorption by small lambs grazing contaminated pastures. Small Ruminant Research, 33 (2). 109-115. 10.1016/S0921-4488(99)00010-3

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Abstract/Summary

The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986 resulted in levels of radiocaesium in animal-derived food products above national intervention limits in a number of countries. In upland areas of the United Kingdom (UK) radiocaesium activity concentrations in the meat of some sheep exceeds (in 1998) the local intervention limit of 1000 Bq kg−1 and measures are still in place to restrict the entry of such animals into the human food chain. The use of many established countermeasure techniques is difficult due to the nature of animal management in the affected areas. This paper describes a study to develop and test a bolus containing the radiocaesium binder ammonium ferric hexacyanoferrate (AFCF) suitable for administration to small lambs of hill-sheep breeds used in the UK. It was found that a bolus 14 mm × 50 mm in size, and containing 20% AFCF, could be safely administered to lambs of 10 kg. An increase in the AFCF content above 20% resulted in too rapid a breakdown of the bolus. Administration of three boli per lamb reduced the activity concentration in muscle by circa 50% between 3 and 8 weeks following administration of the boli. After 12 weeks the reduction in the activity concentration was 30%. We conclude that the AFCF bolus developed could be effectively used to reduce the radiocaesium activity concentration in lambs within hill and upland areas of the UK

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/S0921-4488(99)00010-3
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Other
CEH Sections: _ Pre-2000 sections
ISSN: 0921-4488
Additional Keywords: radioecology
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 22 May 2012 12:54
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/17776

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