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Effect of origin of radiocaesium on the transfer from fallout to reindeer meat

Åhman, Birgitta; Wright, Simon M.; Howard, Brenda J.. 2001 Effect of origin of radiocaesium on the transfer from fallout to reindeer meat. Science of the Total Environment, 278 (1-3). 171-181. 10.1016/S0048-9697(01)00646-5

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Abstract/Summary

Data on radiocaesium contamination of reindeer from five regions in Sweden have been used, together with interpolated radiocaesium deposition data, to quantify spatial variation in transfer to reindeermeat and to consider how it changes with time in different areas. Since the regions were contaminated to different extents by global and Chernobyl fallout, it was also possible to determine the influence of the origin or age of radiocaesium fallout on the transfer to reindeermeat. The regions differed significantly with regard to transfer of radiocaesium to reindeermeat. In two regions in the North of Sweden, where there was less Chernobyl 137Cs, aggregated transfer coefficients (Tag), estimated for the main slaughter period in the first year after the Chernobyl fallout, were low (0.15 and 0.36 m2 kg−1 in January–April). Average Tag values calculated for the winter period (January–April) in two regions in the middle of Sweden, where deposition from Chernobyl dominated (83 and 94%, respectively, of the total deposition), were 0.78 and 0.84 m2 kg−1, respectively with a maximum Tag for an individual reindeer of 1.87 m2 kg−1. There was a threefold increase in Tag values from early autumn to late winter reflecting the change in the reindeer diet from less contaminated vascular plants to more contaminated lichens. The decline of 137Cs in reindeermeat from 1986 to 2000 differed between regions with longer effective half-lives (Tef) in the northerly regions (11.0 and 7.1 years, respectively) with less Chernobyl fallout, and shorter half-lives in the other three regions (3.5–3.8 years). This observation, together with a lack of a decline in early autumn in the region with least Chernobyl fallout, supports the theory of a gradual, but reversible, fixation of radiocaesium in the soil over the mid-long term. The results suggest that both the extent of transfer of 137Cs to reindeermeat, and its subsequent decline with time, are affected by the differing origins of radiocaesium and that previous contamination may substantially influence radiocaesiumtransfer in the event of a further accident.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/S0048-9697(01)00646-5
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Other
CEH Sections: _ Environmental Chemistry & Pollution
ISSN: 0048-9697
Additional Keywords: radioecology, radiocaesium, reindeer meat, effective half-lives, Chernobyl, global fallout
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 02 May 2012 14:52
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/17755

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