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Neutralizing antibodies after infection with Dengue 1 Virus

Guzman, Maria G.; Alvarez, Mayling; Rodriguez-Roche, Rosmari; Bernardo, Lidice; Montes, Tibaire; Vazquez, Susana; Morier, Luis; Alvarez, Angel; Gould, Ernest A.; Kouri, Gustavo; Halstead, Scott B.. 2007 Neutralizing antibodies after infection with Dengue 1 Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 13 (2). 282-286. 10.3201/eid1302.060539

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Abstract/Summary

Severity of disease is markedly increased when infection with dengue virus type 2 (DENV-2) follows infection with DENV-1. Studies have shown that heterologous neutralizing antibody titers are inversely correlated with severity of a second infection. If this mechanism controlled disease severity in Cuba, heterotypic antibody titers should have declined over time. To determine whether phenotypic changes in dengue antibodies occur over time, we analyzed serum samples collected 4–8 and 20–22 years after DENV-1 infection. We found a significant increase in mean titer of homologous DENV-1 neutralizing antibodies and a significant decrease in heterologous antibodies to 1 of 2 genotypes of DENV-2 virus (the American genotype). Asian DENV-2 viruses were not neutralized during either interval; however, the American genotype underwent phenotypic changes in heterotypic viral neutralizing antibodies in the predicted direction. This finding may be related to the time-dependent changes in severity of disease found with secondary dengue infection

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3201/eid1302.060539
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biodiversity
CEH Sections: CEH fellows
ISSN: 1080-6040
NORA Subject Terms: Biology and Microbiology
Health
Date made live: 02 Apr 2012 13:27
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/17563

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