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Heterotrophic bacterial diversity in quatic microbial mat communities from Antarctica

Peeters, Karolien; Verleyen, Elie; Hodgson, Dominic; Convey, Peter; Ertz, Damien; Vyverman, Wim; Willems, Anne. 2012 Heterotrophic bacterial diversity in quatic microbial mat communities from Antarctica. Polar Biology, 35 (4). 543-554. 10.1007/s00300-011-1100-4

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Abstract/Summary

Heterotrophic bacteria isolated from five aquatic microbial mat samples from different locations in continental Antarctica and the Antarctic Peninsula were compared to assess their biodiversity. A total of 2,225 isolates obtained on different media and at different temperatures were included. After an initial grouping by whole-genome fingerprinting, partial 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis was used for further identification. These results were compared with previously published data obtained with the same methodology from terrestrial and aquatic microbial mat samples from two additional Antarctic regions. The phylotypes recovered in all these samples belonged to five major phyla, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes and Deinococcus-Thermus, and included several potentially new taxa. Ordination analyses were performed in order to explore the variance in the diversity of the samples at genus level. Habitat type (terrestrial vs. aquatic) and specific conductivity in the lacustrine systems significantly explained the variation in bacterial community structure. Comparison of the phylotypes with sequences from public databases showed that a considerable proportion (36.9%) is currently known only from Antarctica. This suggests that in Antarctica, both cosmopolitan taxa and taxa with limited dispersal and a history of long-term isolated evolution occur.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s00300-011-1100-4
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Chemistry and Past Climate
BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Environmental Change and Evolution
ISSN: 0722-4060
Additional Keywords: Cultivation, 16S rRNA gene sequencing, ASPA, PCA
Date made live: 02 Apr 2012 09:36
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/17557

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