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Southern Ocean response to relative velocity wind stress forcing

Hutchinson, David K.; Hogg, Andrew McC.; Blundell, Jeffrey R.. 2010 Southern Ocean response to relative velocity wind stress forcing. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40 (2). 326-339. 10.1175/2009JPO4240.1

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Abstract/Summary

An eddy-resolving quasigeostrophic model of the Southern Ocean coupled to a dynamic atmospheric mixed layer is used to compare the performance of two different wind stress parameterization schemes. The first is the standard quadratic drag law, based on atmospheric velocity alone, whereas the second (more exact) formulation is based on the difference between ocean and atmosphere velocities. The two different schemes give very similar magnitudes of mean stress; however, the relative velocity scheme has substantially lower power input, resulting in a weaker eddy field, and consequently, greater circumpolar transport. These results are explored in terms of the existing theories of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (including eddy saturation and eddy damping) and the implications for modeling the Southern Ocean are discussed.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1175/2009JPO4240.1
ISSN: 0022-3670
Date made live: 02 Mar 2010 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/173158

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