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Harmful effects of atmospheric nitrous acid on the physiological status of Scots pine trees

Sakugawa, Hiroshi; Cape, J. Neil. 2007 Harmful effects of atmospheric nitrous acid on the physiological status of Scots pine trees. Environmental Pollution, 147 (3). 532-534. 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.02.012

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Abstract/Summary

An open top chamber experiment was carried out in the summer of 2003 to examine the effect of nitrous acid (HONO) gas on the physiological status of Scots pine saplings (Pinus sylvestris). Four-year-old pine trees were exposed to two different levels of HONO gas (at ca. 2.5 ppb and 5.0 ppb) and a control (filtered air) from early evening to early morning (18:00–6:00), in duplicate open top chambers. Significant decreases in the ratios of chlorophylls a to b, an increase in the carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio, and a reduction of maximum yield of PS II (Fv/Fm) in pine needles were also observed after the 2 months' fumigation. Cation contents of pine needles were also decreased by the fumigation with HONO gas. The results could be explained by the harmful effects of OH radicals, generated from photolysis of HONO gas, and/or aqueous phase HONO (NO2−/HONO), on the photosynthetic capacity of pine needles.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.02.012
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry
CEH Sections: Billett (to November 2013)
ISSN: 0143-1471
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: The definitive version of this paper can be seen at www.elsevier.com
Additional Keywords: HONO, OH radical, Scots pine, open top chamber
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Chemistry
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 18 Dec 2007 16:12
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/1724

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