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Vertical water velocities from underwater gliders

Merckelbach, Lucas; Smeed, David; Griffiths, Gwyn. 2010 Vertical water velocities from underwater gliders. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27 (3). 547-563. 10.1175/2009JTECHO710.1

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Abstract/Summary

The underwater glider is set to become an important platform for oceanographers to gather data within oceans. Gliders are usually equipped with a conductivity/temperature/depth (CTD) sensor, but a wide range of other sensors has been tted to gliders. In the present work, we aim at measuring the vertical water velocity. The vertical water velocity is obtained by subtracting the vertical glider velocity relative to the water from the vertical glider velocity relative to the water surface. The latter is obtained from the pressure sensor. For the former, a quasi-static model of planar glider ight is developed. The model requires three calibration parameters, the (parasite) drag coecient, glider volume (at atmospheric pressure) and hull compressibility, which are found by minimising a cost- function based on the variance of the calculated vertical water velocity. Vertical water velocities have been calculated from data gathered in the Northwestern Mediterranean during the Gulf of Lions Experiment, Winter 2008. Although no direct com- parison could be made with water velocities from an independent measurement technique, we show that for two dierent heat loss regimes ( 0 and 400 W/m2), the calculated vertical velocity scales are comparable with those expected for internal waves and active open ocean convection, respectively. High noise levels due to the pressure sensor require the water velocity times series to be low-pass ltered with a cut-o period of 80 seconds. The absolute accuracy of the vertical water velocity is estimated at 4 mm/s.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1175/2009JTECHO710.1
ISSN: 0739-0572
Date made live: 26 Jan 2010 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/172162

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