What difference might sewage treatment performance make to endocrine disruption in rivers?
Johnson, Andrew C.; Williams, Richard J.; Simpson, Pete; Kanda, Rakesh. 2007 What difference might sewage treatment performance make to endocrine disruption in rivers? Environmental Pollution, 147. 194-202. 10.1016/j.envpol.2006.08.032Full text not available from this repository.
An assessment of the steroid estrogen removing performance of 23 different sewage treatment plants (STPs) was performed. The assessment relied on a model to estimate influent concentrations, and completed questionnaires on the STP treatment details from the relevant water companies. This information was compared with observed effluent 17β-estradiol (E2) and estrone (E1) concentrations. The 10 biological filter plants (BFP) in the study performed poorly with only 30% (SD 31) removal on average for E1. This reduced E1 removal performance of the BFPs compared to all the other STP types in the survey was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Scenarios of all the STPs as activated sludge types, and one as all BFP types were modelled using the GREAT-ER model set up for the Aire/Calder catchment in the UK. This difference was shown to have an important effect on predicted river E1 concentrations and consequent risk classifications.
|Item Type:||Publication - Article|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.envpol.2006.08.032|
|Programmes:||CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Water > WA02 Quantifying processes that link water quality and quantity, biota and physical environment > WA02.2 Hydrochemical and sediment processes
CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry > SE01B Sustainable Monitoring, Risk Assessment and Management of Chemicals > SE01.4 Monitoring and predicting the distribution of chemicals in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems
CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Water > WA03 Developing strategic data and knowledge at a catchment scale to enable the wiser management of the water environment
|Additional Keywords:||Estrogens, Estrone, Activated sludge, Biological filter, Removal|
|NORA Subject Terms:||Ecology and Environment
|Date made live:||18 Dec 2007 15:41|
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