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In Salah Gas CO2 storage JIP : surface gas and biological monitoring

Jones, D.G.; Lister, T.R.; Smith, D.J.; West, J.M.; Coombs, P.; Gadalia, A.; Brach, M.; Annunzialellis, A.; Lombardi, S.. 2011 In Salah Gas CO2 storage JIP : surface gas and biological monitoring. Energy Procedia, 4. 3566-3573. 10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.285

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Abstract/Summary

Surface gas and biological monitoring were carried out in 2009 at the In SalahGas project (Krechba, Algeria), where geological storage of CO2 has been underway since mid-2004. The CO2 is removed from produced natural gas and re-injected below the gas-water contact on the flanks of the reservoir. The biological work was the first such study undertaken at the site. Observations were made in: Uplifted areas around the three CO2 injection wells, around the KB-5 well where breakthrough of CO2 from the KB-502 injector had occurred, around the KB-4 well and in a background area away from CO2 injection and gas production. Near ground atmospheric measurements were made with a mobile open path laser system, with soil gas and flux measurements in support of these and of a botanical and microbiological survey. Longer term monitoring was initiated for radon and other gases using buried probes and activated charcoal integrative collectors. Laser measurements appeared to show only natural variations, but interference from the vehicle exhaust, windblown dust and rain was apparent. Modifications are needed to overcome these problems. Natural variation of atmospheric CO2 needs to be better constrained to identify anomalous values. Soil gas concentrations and fluxes were very low but slightly higher values over the KB-5 well could indicate low-level leakage. This is likely to be a legacy of breakthrough prior to the abandonment of the well. A variety of monocotyledonous and dicotyledenous plants was present, particularly in dry wadis or shallow depressions. The xerophytic flora and the microbial numbers were typical of such desert environments and the data provide baseline values since there were no indications of elevated CO2. There were analytical problems with the microbial activity determinations but it can be concluded that activities were low.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.285
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2010 > Energy Science
Date made live: 17 Feb 2012 13:52
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/16829

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