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Do riparian plants fix CO2 lost by evasion from surface waters? An investigation using carbon isotopes

Garnett, M. H.; Billett, M. F.. 2007 Do riparian plants fix CO2 lost by evasion from surface waters? An investigation using carbon isotopes. Radiocarbon, 49 (2). 993-1001.

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Abstract/Summary

Rivers and streams in many parts of the world contain high concentrations of dissolved carbon dioxide which is lost to the atmosphere by evasion (outgassing). Recent methodological advances now enable the carbon isotopic composition of this evaded CO2 to be measured directly, with early results from peatland streams showing it to be depleted in 13C relative to the atmosphere. The first direct measurements of the radiocarbon age of evaded CO2 for a stream draining a peatland site in the UK covered a large range, ranging from modern to >1400 years BP. We investigated whether a proportion of the carbon fixed by plants growing adjacent to the stream was derived from evasion; this would have implications for the cycling of carbon in such streams, and lead to riparian plants having older, rather than contemporary, radiocarbon ages. 13C analysis of riparian plants at the site suggested that up to 20 % of the carbon they fixed was derived from evasion. Although the 14C content of the same samples suggested a similar proportion of plant carbon was derived from evaded CO2, the uncertainty in these estimates was greater. Fixation of evaded CO2 was greatest in plants growing within 1 metre of the stream. Although the results for this site suggest a small amount of CO2 lost by evasion from the stream surface is incorporated in plant material, it may be a more important factor at other sites characterised by higher evasion rates, lower wind speeds and different stream bank morphology.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry > BG01 Measuring and modelling trace gas, aerosol and carbon > BG01.2 Carbon
CEH Sections: Billett
ISSN: 0033-8222
Additional Keywords: Evasion, carbon dioxide, carbon isotopes, plant
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 17 Dec 2007 14:24
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/1677

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