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On the transformation of Pacific Water into Indonesian Throughflow Water by internal tidal mixing

Koch-Larrouy, Ariane; Madec, Gurvan; Bouruet-Aubertot, Pascale; Gerkema, Theo; Bessières, Laurent; Molcard, Robert. 2007 On the transformation of Pacific Water into Indonesian Throughflow Water by internal tidal mixing. Geophysical Research Letters, 34. L04604. 10.1029/2006GL028405

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Abstract/Summary

The Indonesian archipelago is characterized by strong internal tides, which are trapped in the different semi-enclosed seas of the archipelago. Using tidal model results a parameterization of the associated 3d tidal mixing is developed. The resulting average vertical diffusivity is 1.5 cm2/s, which independently agrees with the estimates inferred from observations. Introduced in a regional OGCM, the parameterization improves the water mass characteristics in the different Indonesian seas, suggesting that the horizontal and vertical distributions of the mixing are adequately prescribed. In particular, the salinity maximum of the inflow water is reduced along the main route, mainly in the Dewakang sill area. But also it is erased in the Halmahera and Seram seas, the entrance of the eastern route, so that salty waters doesn't penetrate the Banda Sea. As a result the simulated Indonesian Throughflow Water are in good agreement with observations.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1029/2006GL028405
ISSN: 0094-8276
Additional Keywords: ocean general circulation model; tidal mixing; water masses; Indonesian Throughflow; parameterization
Date made live: 10 Dec 2008 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/164341

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