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Anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems in Antarctica

Aronson, Richard B.; Thatje, Sven; McClintock, James B.; Hughes, Kevin. 2011 Anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems in Antarctica. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1223 (1). 82-103. 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05926.x

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Abstract/Summary

Antarctica is the most isolated continent on Earth, but it has not escaped the negative impacts of human activity. The unique marine ecosystems of Antarctica and their endemic faunas are affected on local and regional scales by overharvesting, pollution, and the introduction of alien species. Global climate change is also having deleterious impacts: rising sea temperatures and ocean acidification already threaten benthic and pelagic food webs. The Antarctic Treaty System can address local- to regional-scale impacts, but it does not have purview over the global problems that impinge on Antarctica, such as emissions of greenhouse gases. Failure to address human impacts simultaneously at all scales will lead to the degradation of Antarctic marine ecosystems and the homogenization of their composition, structure, and processes with marine ecosystems elsewhere.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05926.x
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Other
Additional Keywords: Antarctic Treaty, Antarctica, Biodiversity, Biological invasion,Biotic homogenization, Conservation, Global warming
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 25 Nov 2011 11:20
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/15971

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