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A method for calibrating hydrophones immersed in sandy sediment

Robb, Gary B.; Hayman, Gary; Theobald, Peter D.; Humphrey, Victor F.; Robinson, Stephen P.; Leighton, Timothy G.; Dix, Justin K.; Best, Angus I.. 2008 A method for calibrating hydrophones immersed in sandy sediment. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123 (5). p.3347. 10.1121/1.2933904

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Abstract/Summary

Hydrophones are frequently used as receivers for in situ sediment acoustic experiments. At present, processing techniques use receiver sensitivities measured from water-based calibrations. It is, however, accepted that the receive sensitivity will depend on the medium surrounding the hydrophone, particularly at frequencies close to the transducer's resonance frequency. To assess this affect, a series of calibrations were performed over the frequency range of 10 to 200 kHz on two types of hydrophones (with cylindrical and spherical elements) inserted into degassed sandy sediment. Sensitivities were measured using a modified three-transducer reciprocity technique, which uses a co-linear arrangement to allow the sediment attenuation to be omitted from the sensitivity calculation. The insertion of the hydrophones into the sediment reduced the measured receive sensitivities by a maximum value of 3.8 dB with respect to the equivalent water-based calibrations. The co-linear arrangement adopted allowed the transmission between the outer devices to be recorded with and without the central hydrophone present. Repeat measurements indicated that the sediment disturbance associated with the removal of the central hydrophone caused sensitivity differences of less than 1.2 dB, while the inclusion of the central hydrophone caused a shadowing effect which increased sensitivities by between 1.3 to 4.0 dB. ©2008 Acoustical Society of America

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1121/1.2933904
ISSN: 0001-4966
Related URLs:
Date made live: 20 Aug 2008 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/157844

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