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Seismic reservoir characterization : how can multicomponent data help?

Li, Xiang-Yang; Zhang, Yong-Gang. 2011 Seismic reservoir characterization : how can multicomponent data help? Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, 8 (2). 123-141. 10.1088/1742-2132/8/2/001

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Abstract/Summary

This paper discusses the concepts of multicomponent seismology and how it can be applied to characterize hydrocarbon reservoirs, illustrated using a 3D three-component real-data example from southwest China. Hydrocarbon reservoirs formed from subtle lithological changes, such as stratigraphic traps, may be delineated from changes in P- and S-wave velocities and impedances, whilst hydrocarbon reservoirs containing aligned fractures are anisotropic. Examination of the resultant split shear waves can give us a better definition of their internal structures. Furthermore, frequency-dependent variations in seismic attributes derived from multicomponent data can provide us with vital information about fluid type and distribution. Current practice and various examples have demonstrated the undoubted potential of multicomponent seismic in reservoir characterization. Despite all this, there are still substantial challenges ahead. In particular, the improvement and interpretation of converted-wave imaging are major hurdles that need to be overcome before multicomponent seismic becomes a mainstream technology.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1088/1742-2132/8/2/001
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2010 > Earth hazards and systems
Date made live: 03 Nov 2011 16:31
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/15770

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