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Looking for evidence of climate change impacts in the eastern Irish Sea

Esteves, L. S.; Williams, J. J.; Brown, J. M.. 2011 Looking for evidence of climate change impacts in the eastern Irish Sea. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 11 (6). 1641-1656. 10.5194/nhess-11-1641-2011

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Abstract/Summary

Although storminess is often cited as a driver of long-term coastal erosion, a lack of suitable datasets has only allowed objective assessment of this claim in a handful of case studies. This reduces our ability to understand and predict how the coastline may respond to an increase in "storminess" as suggested by global and regional climate models. With focus on 16 km of the Sefton coastline bordering the eastern Irish Sea (UK), this paper analyses available measured datasets of water level, surge level, wave height, wind speed and barometric pressure with the objective of finding trends in metocean climate that are consistent with predictions. The paper then examines rates of change in shoreline position over the period 1894 to 2005 with the aim of establishing relationships with climatic variability using a range of measured and modelled metocean parameters (with time spans varying from two to eight decades). With the exception of the mean monthly wind speed, available metocean data do not indicate any statistically significant changes outside seasonal and decadal cycles. No clear relationship was found between changes in metocean conditions and rates of shoreline change along the Sefton coast. High interannual variability and the lack of long-term measurements make unambiguous correlations between climate change and shoreline evolution problematic. However, comparison between the North Atlantic Oscillation winter index (NAOw) and coastline changes suggest increased erosion at times of decreasing NAOw values and reduced erosion at times of increasing NAOw values. Erosion tends to be more pronounced when decreasing NAOw values lead to a strong negative NAO phase. At present, anthropogenic changes in the local sediment budget and the short-term impact of extreme events are still the largest threat likely to affect coastal flooding and erosion risk in the short- and medium-term. Nevertheless, the potential impacts of climate change in the long-term should not be ignored

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.5194/nhess-11-1641-2011
Programmes: Oceans 2025
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Special issue: The record of marine storminess along European coastlines. The author's copyright for this publication is transferred to The Natural Environment Research Council, National Oceanography Centre
Additional Keywords: SEFTON COAST; EASTERN IRISH SEA; COASTAL EROSION; CLIMATIC CHANGE
NORA Subject Terms: Marine Sciences
Date made live: 08 Jul 2011 13:22
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/14622

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