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Geology of the Brixton Deverill - East Knoyle district (Wiltshire), 1:10000 sheets ST83NE (Brixton Deverill) and ST83SE (East Knoyle) : part of 1:50000 sheet 297 (Wincanton)

Bristow, C.R.. 1995 Geology of the Brixton Deverill - East Knoyle district (Wiltshire), 1:10000 sheets ST83NE (Brixton Deverill) and ST83SE (East Knoyle) : part of 1:50000 sheet 297 (Wincanton). British Geological Survey, 36pp. (WA/95/013) (Unpublished)

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Abstract/Summary

The Brixton Deverill-East Knoyle d i s t r i c t lies at the western endof Salisbury Plain and encompasses the north-western part of the Vale of Wardour. The central part of the d i s t r i c t forms part of a dissected plateau developed on Upper Chalk (Figure 1); this reaches a maximum height of 238 m south-east of Brixton Deverill. In the north-west, there are prominent escarpments capped by the Lewes Chalk on either side of the Wylye valley. In the south, the Mere Fault and associated monoclinal structure play an important part in shaping the landscape. In the west, the chalk rises steeply on the north side of the fault from the clay vale to the south. Between West Knoyle and East Knoyle, the steeply dipping Upper Greensand and Chalk strata give rise to strongly featured ground. The principal drainage in the northern part of the d i s t r i c t is northwards by the River Wylye, the only permanent river on the chalk outcrop and its tributaries. In the south-central area, drainage is eastwards by a series of valleys that coalesce just west of Hindon and ultimately join the River Nadder at Tisbury. In the south, on the clay vale, drainage is southwestwards by tributaries of the River Lodden, and south-eastwards by tributaries of the River Nadder. The lowest point in the d i s t r i c t , c.96 m OD, lies in the southern tract. Soils developed on the Upper Greensand and most of the Chalk are light and w e l l drained. However, s o i l s on the West Melbury Chalk, together with some on the clay-with-flint deposits and Kimmeridge Clay are much heavier and poorly drained. Agriculture is a mixture of arable and pasture, with the latter dominant on the Kimmeridge Clay Vale. There are few woods, with deciduous woods confined mostly to the clay vale and the relatively newly planted coniferous plantations on the Chalk and Upper Greensand. Agriculture is the only industry in the area.

Item Type: Publication - Report (UNSPECIFIED)
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Other
Funders/Sponsors: NERC
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This item has been internally reviewed but not externally peer-reviewed
Date made live: 04 Feb 2011 12:35
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/13314

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